https://www.jurnalpoltekkesmaluku.com/index.php/JKT/issue/feed Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) 2020-01-01T13:58:51+07:00 Santi A Lestaluhu santiaprilian09@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p class="box_area style18"><strong>Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal)</strong>&nbsp;provides a forum for publishing the novel technologies and knowledge related to the health sciences. This journal encompasses original research articles, review articles, and short communications, including:&nbsp; Food and nutrition, Environmental health, Nursing, Midwifery &amp; Medical laboratory. Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu&nbsp;(Integrated Health Journal) is published by <strong>Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku </strong>and&nbsp;published periodically (twice a year) in May and November.</p> <p class="box_area style18">ISSN&nbsp;<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180424964&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1978-7766</a> (Print) and ISSN&nbsp;<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1498320967&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2597-9566</a> (Online)</p> https://www.jurnalpoltekkesmaluku.com/index.php/JKT/article/view/43 Hubungan Faktor Lingkungan Fisik Rumah dengan Kejadian Pneumonia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Jatibarang Kabupaten Indramayu 2019-12-31T23:56:07+07:00 Kholilah Samosir kholilahsam@gmail.com Eustasia Eustasia eustasia@gmail.com <p>Pneumonia is one of the largest contributors to health problems and causes of death of children under five years old. Jatibarang health centre is one of the health centers in the Indramayu regency with the incidence of pneumonia at most each year. According to data from the clinic there were 907 cases of pneumonia in infants aged 1-4 years. Data in 2013 as many as 737 cases. The study aims to analyze the relationship between physical environmental factors and family practice with the incidence of pneumonia in children under five years old in Puskesmas Jatibarang Indramayu regency. This study is a retrospective case-control study method. As the case group and the control group 71 respondents. Analysis of data using univariate, bivariate, and mulivariate analyzes. The results were obtained from 11 variables examined, the variables associated with the incidence of pneumonia is the lighting in the room (p = 0.030 OR 6.080 95% CI 1.193 - 30.978), the lighting in the family room (p = 0.030 OR 10.669 95% CI 1.254 - 90.728) and open the window every day (p = 0.016 OR 2.709 95% CI 1.200 - 6.116). It can be concluded there is a relationship between the lighting in the room, the lighting in the living room with the incidence of pneumonia.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Keywords : </strong><strong>P</strong><strong>neumonia, children under five years old, physical environment factor</strong><strong>,</strong><strong> Indramayu</strong></p> 2019-12-31T23:33:56+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.jurnalpoltekkesmaluku.com/index.php/JKT/article/view/45 Kadar Karbon Monooksida di Udara pada Badan Jalan Kota Ambon 2019-12-31T23:56:08+07:00 Tina Amnah Ningsih amnahtina@gmail.com <p>Some types of air pollutants from motor vehicle exhaust gases are carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), hydrocarbons (HC), and others. The increase in the number of motorized vehicles will have a direct impact on the increasing concentration of CO exhaust emissions in the air. This study aims to determine the level of CO gas in the air on the road in Ambon City. The type of research used is descriptive. The sampling location was on the road of Jenderal Sudirman which is one of the main roads in Ambon City which often experiences congestion due to the dense flow of motorized vehicles, especially during the daytime. Measuring CO was done at one point with measurements twice with the duration of sampling for one hour. The results of the examination of CO levels in the air showed that CO levels were low in the morning at 5750 µg / Nm<sup>3</sup>. While CO levels during the day increased to 8900 µg / Nm<sup>3</sup>. Based on the results of measurements of CO levels on Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Sirimau District, Ambon City, it was stated that they met the requirements based on Government Regulation No. 41 of 1999 CO levels in the air with a duration of measurement for 1 hour, amounting &lt;30,000 µg / Nm<sup>3</sup>. From the results of the research conducted suggested that one of them is the Department of Hygiene and Parks can carry out reforestation in the area of ​​the road body to maintain CO levels that do not pass through the predetermined of&nbsp; Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords: CO levels, air quality, air quality in Ambon City</strong></p> 2019-12-31T23:39:32+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.jurnalpoltekkesmaluku.com/index.php/JKT/article/view/42 Efektifitas Ekstrak Daun Sirih Hijau (Piper Betle) sebagai Insektisida Nabati terhadap Mortalitas Lalat Rumah (Musca domestica) 2019-12-31T23:56:08+07:00 Rinaldi Daswito rinaldi@poltekkes-tanjungpinang.ac.id Rima Folentia rima@gmail.com M Yusuf MF m@gmail.com <p>One of the diseases that can be transmitted by flies is diarrhea. Green betel leaf contains essential oils, chavicol, arecoline, phenol, and tannins which function as plant-based insecticides. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of green betel leaf extract (Piper betel) as a plant-based insecticide on the number of mortality of house flies (Musca domestica). The research was an experimental study used After Only Design used the One Way Anova test with a 95% confidence level. The samples used were 360 ​​house flies. Each treatment of 30 house flies with 4 repetitions and used three concentrations of green betel leaf extract (25%, 50%, 75%). The study was conducted at the Chemistry and Microbiology Laboratory of Health Polytechnic Tanjungpinang, while the location of the fly collection was at the Tokojo Garbage Collection Station in Bintan Regency. The number of mortality of house flies at a concentration of 25% was 81 heads (67.5%), 50% concentrations were 93 heads (77.5%), and at a concentration of 75% were 103 heads (85.83%). There was an effect of green betel leaf extract on the mortality of house flies (p-value 0.0001 &lt;0.05) with the most effective concentration of 75%. Further research is needed to obtain a finished product utilizing green betel leaf extract as a vegetable insecticide, especially in controlling the fly vector. Need further research on the use of green betel leaf extract as a vegetable insecticide controlling the fly vector by taking into account the amount of spraying and the age of the fly.</p> <p><strong><sub>&nbsp;</sub></strong></p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><strong>Green betel leaf extract , organic insecticide, houseflies</strong></p> 2019-12-31T23:50:10+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.jurnalpoltekkesmaluku.com/index.php/JKT/article/view/51 Modifikasi Metode Bubble Aerator dan Filtrasi dalam Menurunkan Kadar TSS dan COD pada Limbah Cair Domestik di Jalan Pemuda Kota Tanjungpinang Tahun 2019 2020-01-01T13:58:51+07:00 Veronika Amelia Simbolon veronikaameliasimbolon@gmail.com Razor Armada rima@gmail.com Rinaldi Daswito m@gmail.com <p>Domestic wastewater is wastewater, if not treated it can cause pollution. One of the efforts to reduce levels of Total Suspended Solid (TSS) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is to treat domestic waste. This study uses a modified bubble aerator and filtration method with zeolite, beach sand, and activated charcoal as an effort to reduce the levels of COD and TSS in domestic wastewater. This research method is a pre-trial using the One Group Pretest Postest design. Measurement of results is done before and after calculation. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling. Data analysis performed was univariate and bivariate analysis. Paired statistical t-test was used to find out the difference in average TSS and COD levels before completion. Decreased TSS levels after training (79.36%) and COD after administration (13.48%). Paired t test results showed no difference before and after using the bubble aerator and filtration modification methods with p values ​​of 0.342 and 0.448, respectively. Modifications to the bubble aerator and filtration methods can be used to reduce TSS and COD levels in domestic wastewater, although statistics show insignificant results. It is hoped that further researchers will conduct further research to perfect the methods that had been estimated.<strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords: TSS levels, COD, bubble-filtation aeration method</strong></p> 2019-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.jurnalpoltekkesmaluku.com/index.php/JKT/article/view/46 Hubungan Pengetahuan Ibu dengan Pola Menu Sarapan dan Kebiasaan Sarapan pada Anak Sekolah Dasar 2019-12-31T23:56:07+07:00 Faradina Aghadiati faradinaaghadiati@gmail.com <p>The problem which is found in elementary school students is leaving their breakfast. There are several researches shown the high frequency for leaving meals (especially breakfast) will cause disruption growth and bad academic achievement. There are many factors which make elementary school students leave their breakfast. Breakfast habit on elementary school students needs parents guiding for making the habit and providing the breakfast menus. It needs parents guiding especially mother. The research goal is to know the relationship of mother’s knowledge with breakfast menus pattern and breakfast habits on elementary school students. The research belongs to the analytical observation research that using cross sectional program. The research subjects are 90 elementary school students in 5th grades and their mother who are taken randomly. The data such as respondent characteristics, knowledge level are found out from the questionnaires. The breakfast menus pattern is found out from the food record form. The breakfast habits on child are found out from the food interview form. The data analysis uses <em>Chi-square</em>. There is significant between mother’s knowledge with the breakfast menus pattern (p &lt; 0,05). There is no significant between breakfast menus pattern with the breakfast habits (p &gt; 0,05). There is significant between mother’s knowledge with the breakfast habits (p &lt; 0,05).&nbsp; Mother’s knowledge is related with the breakfast menus pattern and breakfast habits while breakfast menus pattern is not related with breakfast habits.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword</strong><strong>s</strong><strong>: Breakfast, breakfast habits, breakfast menus pattern, mother’s knowledge</strong></p> 2019-12-31T23:39:59+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##