Abstract

Hepatitis A outbreaks were recorded in 2012 and 2014 in Geragai Subdistrict, Tanjung Jabung Timur
Regency, Jambi.The highest outbreak occurred in 2014. The purpose of this study was to analyze the
behavior of prevention of Hepatitis A disease including knowledge, attitude, immunization, sharing of
drinking and eating equipment, eating and drinking practice together, and hand washing with soap at
Pandan Jaya Health Center Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency. Crossectional study design was performed
with a sample size of 103 respondents, sample was taken by simple random sampling. A total of 53
people with Hepatitis A positive in 2016 was observed in this study. There was 61.2% of respondents
had a good knowledge about Hepatitis A, 58.3% of respondents had a positive attitude, 44.7% of
respondents got Hepatitis A immunization. A total of 45.6% of respondents use cutlery and drinking
together, 41.7% of respondents consume food and beverages together and 35% of respondents washed
hands with soap. There was a correlation between hand washing with soap with the incidence of
Hepatitis A (Pvalue = 0,022, and OR = 0,386), while knowledge, attitude, immunization, sharing and
drinking practices, eating and drinking practice together were not associated with the cases of Hepatitis
A. Hand washing with soap was a variable having a significant relationship to the incidence of
Hepatitis A disease. Pandan Jaya Health Center should make efforts to increase the public knowledge
about the dangers of Hepatitis A, practice of clean and healthy life behavior, particulary to promote the
culture of hand washing with soap.


Keywords: Infectious disease, hepatitis A, healthy behaviour, hand wash